Call for proposals: Combating the Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) and related Trafficking and Unsafe Migration of Children in Tanzania

Important note: the deadline for submission of proposals has passed. Proposals are no longer accepted.

1. Introduction

About Terre des Hommes Netherlands

Terre des Hommes Netherlands (TdH-NL) is a development organisation dedicated to children; it is named after a book by the famous French writer and World War II pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – author of "The Little Prince". Even before this book was published, he wrote "Terre des Hommes" (Earth for Mankind) in which he called upon 'the people of the earth' to take their responsibilities seriously and to show solidarity. He said: "There is no third world. There is one world for which we are all responsible."

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is the cornerstone of all our programmes. This Convention represents the recognition by the international community that not only do children deserve to be protected, but that they have a right to be so. These rights have been enshrined in this almost universally accepted treaty and have subsequently been incorporated in national legislation in an overwhelming majority of the world's nations.

The main theme of TdH-NL's work centers on the issue of child exploitation, the most serious violations of the rights of the child. TdH-NL's definition of child exploitation covers: (a) the Worst Forms of Child Labour; (b) Child Trafficking; (c) Sexual Exploitation of Children; (d) Child Abuse. Increasing numbers of children fall victim of human trafficking, sexual exploitation or hazardous forms of child labour as defined by the ILO's 1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (ILO Convention 182). TdH-NL strives to prevent child exploitation, remove children from exploitative situations and ensure that they can develop in a secure, healthy and supportive environment.

TdH-NL’s approach

TdH-NL's programmes are based on the Theory of Change (ToC), aiming to create a world free of child exploitation (please refer to Annex 1 - TdH NL Theory of Change). Because TdH-NL wants to stop child exploitation in a structural manner, the organisation does not only help victims but also tackles the problem at its roots. The main strategies in this ToC are the 5 P's: Prevention, Provision, Promotion, Prosecution and Partnership & Participation.

PREVENTION

To prevent child exploitation, TdH-NL invests in education, but also in raising awareness among children and adults. And because poverty is the main reason for child exploitation, TdH-NL also offers parents the opportunity to increase their incomes via savings and credit groups.

PROVISION

Children who are victim of exploitation, need protection. TdH-NL provides shelter, health care, counselling and education and help them build a new future. The organisation also offers help to family members and involves the community in protecting children. 

PROSECUTION

It is important that victims can stand up for themselves and perpetrators are not allowed to escape justice. TdH-NL thus helps children to report cases to the police. They can also count on legal assistance and help during the criminal prosecution. The organisation also trains local police and justice. 

PROMOTION

TdH-NL stands up for children's rights. The organisation campaigns to raise awareness of children's rights and conducts research to identify and call attention to trends and developments in child exploitation. Furthermore, TdH-NL follows and influences decision-making of local and national governments, businesses and international organisations (like the UN) and advocates for the implementation of these decisions. To prevent children from being exploited and to ensure victims of exploitation receive adequate help.

PARTNERSHIP & PARTICIPATION

TdH-NL strengthens civil society in the promotion of children's rights as a precondition to ensure children are protected. The organisation invests in the organisational and institutional development of southern civil society organisations.

TdH-NL always works through local project partners. These partners are familiar with the situation on the ground and know the best ways of reaching out and helping the children concerned.

Terre des Hommes Netherlands in Tanzania

Terre des Hommes Netherlands supports Tanzanian NGOs and networks in the execution of projects in i) the Mwanza Region, ii) Mara Region, iii) Mtwara and iv) Shinyanga regions. This is underpinned by work at national level. Within the field of Child Protection, 4 Child Exploitation areas have been identified as programming priorities:

Children in Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL): with a particular emphasis on child domestic workers and those children working in or around areas of mineral or oil extraction.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): TdH-NL promotes national and local level strategies to promote actions against CSEC at the policy and community level. 

Child Marriage/SRHR: TdH-NL detects, prevents and responds to child marriage and provides support to victims of child marriage, teenage pregnancy and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).

Child Trafficking: TdH-NL will work towards the elimination of child trafficking linked to recruitment and employment areas for child domestic workers.

2. Call for Proposals: Protect Children from Child Domestic Work and related Trafficking and Unsafe Migration of Children in Mwanza, Tanzania

Tackling the worst forms of child labour and trafficking / unsafe migration of children is an important theme in TdH-NL's current strategic plan (2011­-2015). As part of its new strategic plan (2016­-2020), TdH-NL plans to increase its support to comprehensive projects addressing child domestic work and related trafficking and unsafe migration of children in Eastern Africa. Initial focus will be on three year projects (2016-2018).

Invitation for applications & eligibility criteria

TdH-NL is inviting non-governmental organisations (NGOs or CSOs) with the required framework to submit a full proposal. 

This call is open to organisations to apply independently as well as in a consortium / in partnership (i.e. more than one applicant). If an application is made as a consortium, the applicant should as the consortium lead clearly state how the project will be managed and should indicate a clear role for each partner. The appointment of a consortium coordinator position is recommended, to be included in the management costs.

Funding is only granted to national organisations (non INGOs) fully registered in the country of implementation. Any sub granting partners must also be fully registered.

Outline of the requirements applicants need to meet in order to be considered for TdH-NL’s funding:

  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to be fully registered in the country of implementation
  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to demonstrate a successful track record in addressing child labour and child trafficking and unsafe migration of children
  • The proposal needs to show a coherent programmatic approach
  • The proposed project needs to be based on the Theory of Change with related outcomes

Proposals that do not meet any of the criteria in this call and that do not use the formats provided will automatically be disqualified.

Background

Child labour

Child labour is defined as work which is either time-excessive (assessed on time spent in work by age) or in hazardous occupations (i.e. miners, chemical or metal processing, house girls/boys, construction labourers, etc.). The International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention No. 182, defines the worst forms of child labour (hazardous work) as; (a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, (b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, (c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, (d) work which, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.

In Tanzania as per the Integrated Labour Force Survey (ILFS) indications, 21 percent of children is involved in child labour including 5% in the worst forms of child labour. Rural areas are more affected by child labour than urban areas and boys are often involved in petty businesses, mining and fishing as well as agriculture, and girls are mostly involved in child domestic work as well as commercial sexual exploitation. In Tanzania it is prohibited to employ children under the age of 14 years. It is constitutionally stated that: "No person shall employ a child under the age of fourteen years. A child of fourteen years of age may only be employed to do light work, which is not likely to be harmful to the child's health and development; and does prejudice the child s attendance to school, participation in vocational orientation or training programmes" (Employment and Labour Relation Act, 2004, pg. 583). In 2009 the Law of Child was enacted which enacts the institutionalisation of Child Rights and Protection by all stakeholders.

The Tanzanian Government developed the National Action Plan for the Elimination of Child Labour (NAP), to put in place the necessary economic, social, policy and institutional foundations for the elimination of child labour in the longer-term. US Department of Labor (USDOL), ILO and the Ministry of Labour are currently involved in the Integrated Labour Survey with a clear focus on child labour as well.

Child Trafficking

Tanzania is a source, transit, and destination country for child trafficking for forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation. The incidence of internal trafficking is higher than that of transnational trafficking. Trafficking often involves family members, friends, or brokers, who promise rural families jobs or assistance with education for their children in the urban areas of Arusha, Dar es Salaam, and Mwanza. Children are trafficked for domestic service, and girls are trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation, including along the Kenya-Tanzania border and in touristic areas in the country. Children from Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo are trafficked to Tanzania for mining, domestic work, and agricultural labour.

Tanzania s 2008 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act outlaws all forms of trafficking and prescribes punishments of one to ten years' imprisonment, a fine, or both. These penalties are sufficiently stringent, but the provision allowing offenders to pay a fine in lieu of serving prison time, is not proportionate to the crime and does not provide an adequate deterrent to potential perpetrators of trafficking offenses. (USDOL report) The strategy of the Tanzanian Government is enshrined in the Anti Trafficking NAP 2012-2014. The government launched both an anti-trafficking committee and anti-trafficking secretariat to coordinate its national activities in late 2011. Within three months, the committee enacted a detailed national action plan to guide its anti-trafficking interventions over the next three years. However Tanzania is placed on Tier 2 Watch List for a fifth year, as the government failed to allocate funding to the victims' assistance fund established by the 2008 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, the Tanzanian authorities did not prosecute any new cases or convict any trafficking offenders during the reporting period and they made insufficient efforts to protect victims. Officials' inability to distinguish between trafficking and smuggling led to some victims being punished.

In follow up of the above TdH-NL specifically wishes to address the trafficking of children for the purpose of child domestic work in and around Mwanza. The proposed efforts shall therefore be in line with the general recommendations of USDOL for Tanzania on child labour and child trafficking, http://www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/tanzania.htm - The US Department of Labour 2014 update on child labour in Tanzania and http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/192598.pdf The US department of State Trafficking report.

Expected outcomes

This Call for Proposals aims to protect child domestic workers from the worst forms of child labour, trafficking and unsafe migration in Mwanza Tanzania. It specifically aims to address the following outcomes:

1. Children at risk of trafficking and unsafe migration and children who are victims of child domestic work and related trafficking and unsafe migration claim their rights

2. Families and communities protect children from child domestic work and related trafficking and unsafe migration

3. Government protects children from child domestic work and related trafficking and unsafe migration by making and adequately implementing laws and policies 

4. Law enforcement agencies convict child traffickers and abusers of child domestic workers

5. Civil society organisations protect the rights and best interest of children (specifically child domestic workers, vulnerable to trafficking and unsafe migration)

6. Private sector contributes to the wellbeing of child domestic workers and children vulnerable to or victims of trafficking and unsafe migration for child domestic labour.

Intervention strategies - types of activities

Strategies to be considered by applicants should be in line with the 5 P's strategy of TdH-NL. A minimum of 2 of the 5 P's should be included in the proposed project. Examples of activities (important note: this list is for guidance purposes only and is not exhaustive):

1. Identify interventions that allow for the proactive and safe withdrawal of children from child domestic labour and from trafficking situations, activities could include legal assistance, appropriate health & counselling services, and access to education, vocational training, or other social reintegration measures for victims of trafficking, exploitation and abuse.

2. Conduct awareness-raising and outreach on the hazards of child labour and risk of trafficking in all schools, churches, community events in high risk areas in conjunction with other relevant ministries,. Ensure campaign also has effective component targeting out of school children.

3. Consider implementing programmes that enhance household incomes e.g. savings and credit systems, alternative incomes and access to business education. 

4. Encourage dialogue between employers, child domestic workers, social welfare and education authorities. Develop a code of conduct or policy for employers on decent work and labour relations of child domestic workers above 14 years.

5. Train labour officials, social welfare officers, community development officers, and other relevant government child protection officials on child labour. Clarify the responsibilities of all divisions and departments who have an obligation to act on child labour/trafficking. 

6. Advocate for budget allocations towards the implementation of the National Action Plan for the Elimination of Child Labour and the Anti Trafficking in Persons NAP

Applicants are invited to indicate innovative approaches that feed into the expected outcomes (i.e. beyond the examples listed above).

Geographical focus

The following areas in Tanzania are eligible for funding: Mwanza, relevant source areas of child domestic labourers in the Lake Zone.

Duration and budget

The initial planned duration of a project should be 33 months, starting on 1 April 2016. 

Contracts will be entered into on yearly basis; the first one to cover 9 months (1 April - 31 December 2016). 

Depending on the project design, the budget ranges from EUR 350,000 to EUR 600,000 for the full duration of 33 months. The budget should be presented as per the required format (please refer to Annex 4 - TdH NL EA Project Budget Format), entailing the budget for the first 9 months as well as for the subsequent 2 years. The budget for the first 9 months should not exceed EUR 150,000 for 2016.

The proposed project budget should be at least 85% programme cost and not exceed 15% management cost (inclusive of a maximum of EUR 2,600 for ICT*).

​*TdH-NL's reporting and accounting system is Internet based; with a view to this, all project partners are required to have or acquire sufficient equipment and Internet access.

Procedure

  • Publication of the Call for Proposals: Wednesday 21 October 2015.
  • A Q & A session about this specific Call for Proposals will be organised by TdH-NL for which all interested parties are invited.
    The Q&A session will take place in TdH-NL's office in Ndovu Road, Mikocheni, Dar es Salaam on Monday 2nd of November 2015 from 14.00 to 15.30 hrs. 
    (prospective applicants should cover their own travel cost to this location)
  • Deadline of submission: Monday 16 November 2015 (12.00 EAT)
    Send your proposal to tanzania@tdh.nl with subject heading: Fighting WFCL and CT Project Proposal [+ name of (lead) applicant]. Include all required attachments / annexes.

  • Review and shortlisting will be done by TdH-NL on or before 15 December 2015. 

  • Shortlisted proposals will be subject to a more detailed review including clarifying questions, validation of information and capacity assessment of project applicants.
    Deadline for shortlisted applicants to answer questions raised: 15 January 2016.

  • Final selection will be done by TdH-NL on or before 7 February 2016, after which the selected projects will be submitted to TdH-NL's Head Office for final review and approval.

  • Partner contracts for the first 9 months of the project will be signed latest by 1 March 2016.

  • Projects will start on 1 April 2016. If so required, a mobilisation period of 2 months can be built into the project design, resulting in an effective project (activities) start date of 1 June 2016.

List of annexes

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