Call for proposals: Combating the Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) in Tanzania

Important note: the deadline for submission of proposals has passed. Proposals are no longer accepted.

1. Introduction

About Terre des Hommes Netherlands

Terre des Hommes Netherlands (TdH-NL) is a development organisation dedicated to children; it is named after a book by the famous French writer and World War II pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – author of "The Little Prince". Even before this book was published, he wrote "Terre des Hommes" (Earth for Mankind) in which he called upon 'the people of the earth' to take their responsibilities seriously and to show solidarity. He said: "There is no third world. There is one world for which we are all responsible."

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is the cornerstone of all our programmes. This Convention represents the recognition by the international community that not only do children deserve to be protected, but that they have a right to be so. These rights have been enshrined in this almost universally accepted treaty and have subsequently been incorporated in national legislation in an overwhelming majority of the world's nations.

The main theme of TdH-NL's work centers on the issue of child exploitation, the most serious violations of the rights of the child. TdH-NL's definition of child exploitation covers: (a) the Worst Forms of Child Labour; (b) Child Trafficking; (c) Sexual Exploitation of Children; (d) Child Abuse. Increasing numbers of children fall victim of human trafficking, sexual exploitation or hazardous forms of child labour as defined by the ILO's 1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (ILO Convention 182). TdH-NL strives to prevent child exploitation, remove children from exploitative situations and ensure that they can develop in a secure, healthy and supportive environment.

TdH-NL’s approach

TdH-NL's programmes are based on the Theory of Change (ToC), aiming to create a world free of child exploitation (please refer to Annex 1 - TdH NL Theory of Change). Because TdH-NL wants to stop child exploitation in a structural manner, the organisation does not only help victims but also tackles the problem at its roots. The main strategies in this ToC are the 5 P's: Prevention, Provision, Promotion, Prosecution and Partnership & Participation.

PREVENTION

To prevent child exploitation, TdH-NL invests in education, but also in raising awareness among children and adults. And because poverty is the main reason for child exploitation, TdH-NL also offers parents the opportunity to increase their incomes via savings and credit groups.

PROVISION

Children who are victim of exploitation, need protection. TdH-NL provides shelter, health care, counselling and education and help them build a new future. The organisation also offers help to family members and involves the community in protecting children.

PROSECUTION

It is important that victims can stand up for themselves and perpetrators are not allowed to escape justice. TdH-NL thus helps children to report cases to the police. They can also count on legal assistance and help during the criminal prosecution. The organisation also trains local police and justice. 

PROMOTION

TdH-NL stands up for children's rights. The organisation campaigns to raise awareness of children's rights and conducts research to identify and call attention to trends and developments in child exploitation. Furthermore, TdH-NL follows and influences decision-making of local and national governments, businesses and international organisations (like the UN) and advocates for the implementation of these decisions. To prevent children from being exploited and to ensure victims of exploitation receive adequate help.

PARTNERSHIP & PARTICIPATION

TdH-NL strengthens civil society in the promotion of children's rights as a precondition to ensure children are protected. The organisation invests in the organisational and institutional development of southern civil society organisations.

TdH-NL always works through local project partners. These partners are familiar with the situation on the ground and know the best ways of reaching out and helping the children concerned.

Terre des Hommes Netherlands in Tanzania

Terre des Hommes Netherlands supports Tanzanian NGOs and networks in the execution of projects in i) the Mwanza Region, ii) Mara Region, iii) Mtwara and iv) Shinyanga regions. This is underpinned by work at national level. Within the field of Child Protection, 4 Child Exploitation areas have been identified as programming priorities:

Children in Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) with a particular emphasis on child domestic workers and those children working in or around areas of mineral or oil extraction.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): TdH-NL promotes national and local level strategies to promote actions against CSEC at the policy and community level. 

Child Marriage/SRHR: TdH-NL detects, prevents and responds to child marriage and provides support to victims of child marriage, teenage pregnancy and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).

Child Trafficking: TdH-NL will work towards the elimination of child trafficking linked to recruitment and employment areas for child domestic workers.

2. Call for Proposals: Combating the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Kahama District, Shinyanga, Tanzania

Tackling the Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) is an important theme in TdH-NL's current strategic plan (2011­-2015). As part of its new strategic plan (2016­-2020), TdH-NL plans to increase its support to comprehensive projects addressing (the worst forms of) child labour in Eastern Africa. Initial focus will be on three year projects (2016-2018).

Invitation for applications & eligibility criteria

TdH-NL is inviting non-governmental organisations (NGOs or CSOs) with the required framework to submit a full proposal. 

This call is open to organisations to apply independently as well as in a consortium / in partnership (i.e. more than one applicant). If an application is made as a consortium, the applicant should as the consortium lead clearly state how the project will be managed and should indicate a clear role for each partner. The appointment of a consortium coordinator position is recommended, to be included in the management costs.

Funding is only granted to national organisations (non INGOs) fully registered in the country of implementation. Any sub granting partners must also be fully registered.

Outline of the requirements applicants need to meet in order to be considered for TdH-NL’s funding:

  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to be fully registered in the country of implementation
  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to demonstrate a successful track record in addressing (the worst forms of) child labour
  • The proposal needs to show a coherent programmatic approach
  • The proposed project needs to be based on the Theory of Change with related outcomes

Proposals that do not meet any of the criteria in this call and that do not use the formats provided will automatically be disqualified.

Background

Child labour is defined as work which is either time-excessive (assessed on time spent in work by age) or in hazardous occupations (i.e. miners, chemical or metal processing, house girls/boys, construction labourers, etc.). The International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention No. 182, defines the worst forms of child labour (hazardous work) as; (a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, (b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, (c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, (d) work which is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.

The extent of child labour within Tanzania as per the Integrated Labour Force Survey (ILFS) indicates 21 percent of children is involved in child labour including 5% in the worst forms of child labour. Rural areas are more affected by child labour than urban areas and boys are often involved in petty businesses, mining and fishing as well as agriculture, and girls are often involved in child domestic work as well as commercial sexual exploitation. In Tanzania it is prohibited to employ children under the age of 14 years. It is constitutionally stated that: "No person shall employ a child under the age of fourteen years. A child of fourteen years of age may only be employed to do light work, which is not likely to be harmful to the child's health and development; and does prejudice the child's attendance to school, participation in vocational orientation or training programmes." (Employment and Labour Relation Act, 2004, pg.583) In 2009 the Law of Child was enacted which enacts the institutionalisation of Child Rights and Protection by all stakeholders.

The Tanzanian Government developed the National Action Plan (NAP) for the Elimination of Child Labour, to put in place the necessary economic, social, policy and institutional foundations for the elimination of child labour in the longer-term. A draft NAP has been developed on the use of Mercury in the artisanal gold mines in Tanzania, for which a work group has been formed to develop further guidelines for implementation, in which TdH-NL has been invited to participate. US Department of Labor (USDOL), ILO and the Ministry of Labour are currently involved in the Integrated Labour Survey with a clear focus on child labour as well.

However to ensure the successful implementation of both NAPs insufficient resources are allocated to enforce child labour laws in the mining sector for conducting child labour inspections on unlicensed mines - the majority of sites - and mining officials rarely check for children during informal visits to these mines. According to a Human Rights Watch (HRW) report from 2013, children continue to work in artisanal gold mines and stone quarries within Tanzania. They carry heavy loads of gold ore, use dangerous tools to crush stones, work in steep unstable pits for long shifts. They mix the gold powder with water and Mercury, work close to dynamite and in dusty conditions and suffer from diarrhoea, typhoid, and other water-borne diseases. Children are exposed to verbal, physical and sexual abuse in an overall rough adult environment. Some children are found in commercial sexual exploitation in mining camps. Children work in the mines on a part time (after school hours) or full time basis, after finishing or dropping out of primary education.

Key drivers for child labour include: poverty (lack of basic necessities such as food, rent, clothes, and school supplies), child responsibility for siblings and household income due to HIV/AIDS, education (quality, illiteracy of parents, drop out), tradition and gender roles as well as lack of child protection under the current government policies.

Lessons learned from ongoing efforts in 2014/2015 on WFCL in 5 mining villages in Kahama indicate that communities, local leaders and small scale miners associations are instrumental and perceptive to institute change, migration to newly discovered mining areas is challenging, and serious advocacy efforts are needed to implement a) the national regulations on the use of Mercury, b) to reach sufficient district budget allocations for the implementation of the NAP Elimination of WFCL.

Expected outcomes

This Call for Proposals aims to protect children from the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Kahama District, Shinyanga, Tanzania. It specifically aims to address the following outcomes:

1. Children at risk of the worst forms of child labour and children exploited through the worst forms of labour claim their rights

2. Families and communities protect children children from (the worst forms of) child labour

3. Government protects children from the (worst forms of) child labour by making and adequately implementing laws and policies 

4. Law enforcement agencies convict employers of children

5. Civil society organisations protect the rights and best interest of children (specifically children vulnerable to (the worst forms of) child labour)

6. Private sector contributes to the wellbeing of children vulnerable to or victims of (the worst forms of) child labour

Intervention strategies - types of activities

Strategies to be considered by applicants should be in line with the 5 P's strategy of TdH-NL. A minimum of 2 of the 5 P's should be included in the proposed project.
Examples of activities (important note: this list is for guidance purposes only and is not exhaustive):

1. Data collection on the number of children involved in child labour in the areas of operation and exposure of children and pregnant women to mercury. 

2. Establish monitoring systems to assess any changes in the number of children/their work conditions and monitoring of supply chain of gold trade companies.

3. Identification and withdrawal of children involved in child labour and immediate victim support like academic and vocational education, counselling and health services.

4. Formation of child support groups/associations of child labourers/demonstrable child participation. 

5. Creation and strengthening of effective anti-child labour partnerships with corporate sector and CSO networks.

Applicants are invited to indicate innovative approaches that feed into the expected outcomes (i.e. beyond the examples listed above).

Geographical focus

The following areas in Tanzania are eligible for funding: Kahama District, Shinyanga, Tanzania.

Duration and budget

The initial planned duration of a project should be 33 months, starting on 1 April 2016.  Contracts will be entered into on yearly basis; the first one to cover 9 months (1 April - 31 December 2016). 
Depending on the project design, the budget ranges from EUR 350,000 to EUR 550,000 for the full duration of 33 months. The budget should be presented as per the required format (please refer to Annex 4 - TdH NL EA Project Budget Format), entailing the budget for the first 9 months as well as for the subsequent 2 years. The budget for the first 9 months should not exceed EUR 140,000 for 2016. 
The proposed project budget should be at least 85% programme cost and not exceed 15% management cost (inclusive of a maximum of EUR 2,600 for ICT*).

*TdH-NL's reporting and accounting system is Internet based; with a view to this, all project partners are required to have or acquire sufficient equipment and Internet access.

Procedure

  • Publication of the Call for Proposals: Wednesday 21 October 2015.
  • A Q & A session about this specific Call for Proposals will be organised by TdH-NL for which all interested parties are invited.
    The Q&A session will take place in TdH NL's office in Ndovu Road, Mikocheni, Dar es Salaam on Monday 2nd of November 2015 from 14.00 to 15.30 hrs. 
    (prospective applicants should cover their own travel cost to this location)
  • Deadline of submission: Monday 16 November 2015 (12.00 EAT)
    Send your proposal to tanzania@tdh.nl with subject heading: Combating WFCL Project Proposal [+ name of (lead) applicant]. Include all required attachments / annexes.
  • Review and shortlisting will be done by TdH-NL on or before 15 December 2015. 
  • Shortlisted proposals will be subject to a more detailed review including clarifying questions, validation of information and capacity assessment of project applicants.
    Deadline for shortlisted applicants to answer questions raised: 15 January 2016.
  • Final selection will be done by TdH-NL on or before 7 February 2016, after which the selected projects will be submitted to TdH-NL's Head Office for final review and approval.
  • Partner contracts for the first 9 months of the project will be signed latest by 1 March 2016.
  • Projects will start on 1 April 2016. If so required, a mobilisation period of 2 months can be built into the project design, resulting in an effective project (activities) start date of 1 June 2016.

List of annexes

 

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