Important note: the deadline for submission of proposals has passed. Proposals are no longer accepted.
Terre des Hommes Netherlands (TdH-NL) is a development organisation dedicated to children; it is named after a book by the famous French writer and World War II pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – author of "The Little Prince". Even before this book was published, he wrote "Terre des Hommes" (Earth for Mankind) in which he called upon 'the people of the earth' to take their responsibilities seriously and to show solidarity. He said: "There is no third world. There is one world for which we are all responsible."
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is the cornerstone of all our programmes. This Convention represents the recognition by the international community that not only do children deserve to be protected, but that they have a right to be so. These rights have been enshrined in this almost universally accepted treaty and have subsequently been incorporated in national legislation in an overwhelming majority of the world's nations.
The main theme of TdH-NL's work centers on the issue of child exploitation, the most serious violations of the rights of the child. TdH-NL's definition of child exploitation covers: (a) the Worst Forms of Child Labour; (b) Child Trafficking; (c) Sexual Exploitation of Children; (d) Child Abuse. Increasing numbers of children fall victim of human trafficking, sexual exploitation or hazardous forms of child labour as defined by the ILO's 1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (ILO Convention 182). TdH-NL strives to prevent child exploitation, remove children from exploitative situations and ensure that they can develop in a secure, healthy and supportive environment.
TdH-NL's programmes are based on the Theory of Change (ToC), aiming to create a world free of child exploitation (please refer to Annex 1 - TdH NL Theory of Change). Because TdH-NL wants to stop child exploitation in a structural manner, the organisation does not only help victims but also tackles the problem at its roots. The main strategies in this ToC are the 5 P's: Prevention, Provision, Promotion, Prosecution and Partnership & Participation.
To prevent child exploitation, TdH-NL invests in education, but also in raising awareness among children and adults. And because poverty is the main reason for child exploitation, TdH-NL also offers parents the opportunity to increase their incomes via savings and credit groups.
Children who are victim of exploitation, need protection. TdH-NL provides shelter, health care, counselling and education and help them build a new future. The organisation also offers help to family members and involves the community in protecting children.
It is important that victims can stand up for themselves and perpetrators are not allowed to escape justice. TdH-NL thus helps children to report cases to the police. They can also count on legal assistance and help during the criminal prosecution. The organisation also trains local police and justice.
TdH-NL stands up for children's rights. The organisation campaigns to raise awareness of children's rights and conducts research to identify and call attention to trends and developments in child exploitation. Furthermore, TdH-NL follows and influences decision-making of local and national governments, businesses and international organisations (like the UN) and advocates for the implementation of these decisions. To prevent children from being exploited and to ensure victims of exploitation receive adequate help.
TdH-NL strengthens civil society in the promotion of children's rights as a precondition to ensure children are protected. The organisation invests in the organisational and institutional development of southern civil society organisations.
TdH-NL always works through local project partners. These partners are familiar with the situation on the ground and know the best ways of reaching out and helping the children concerned.
Terre des Hommes Netherlands supports Kenyan NGOs and networks in the execution of projects which aim to prevent child exploitation, provide assistance to exploited children and influence policy. Until the end of 2015, TdH-NL programming in Kenya will be implemented in i) the Urban Centres of Nairobi, Kisumu, Siaya and Machakos, ii) the Kenya Coastal Region and iii) Turkana. The 2016-2018 programme for which we are issuing the calls for proposals will be implemented in i) Kwale County ii) Turkana County and iii) Nationally for the child trafficking programme with special focus on some of the areas of origin that have been highlighted in the child trafficking call for proposals.
Within the field of Child Protection, 2 Child Exploitation areas have been identified as programming priorities for our 2016-2018 programme:
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): TdH-NL believes that the commercial sexual exploitation of children is a horrific violation of the rights of children and an act that also implies a crime on the part of those who use girls and boys and adolescents in the sex trade. TdH-NL promotes national and local level strategies that create an enabling environment that fosters actions against CSEC at the community and local level. In conjunction with our work on trafficking, particular focus is directed towards interventions at cross-border, regional and international levels.
Child Trafficking: TdH-NL works towards the elimination of child trafficking in and between our countries of operation. We aim to facilitate linkages at regional, national and County levels for institutions to ensure that regional and national anti-trafficking initiatives are effectively put into practice and that the various higher level initiatives are rooted in practical experience and action.
Tackling commercial sexual exploitation of children is an important theme in TdH-NL's current strategic plan (2011-2015). As part of its new strategic plan (2016-2020), TdH-NL plans to increase its support to comprehensive projects addressing commercial sexual exploitation of children in Eastern Africa. Initial focus will be on three year projects (2016-2018).
TdH-NL is inviting non-governmental organisations (NGOs or CSOs) with the required framework to submit a full proposal.
This call is open to organisations to apply independently as well as in a consortium / in partnership (i.e. more than one applicant). If an application is made as a consortium, the applicant should as the consortium lead clearly state how the project will be managed and should indicate a clear role for each partner. The appointment of a consortium coordinator position is recommended, to be included in the management costs.
Funding is only granted to national organisations (non INGOs) fully registered in the country of implementation. Any sub granting partners must also be fully registered.
Proposals that do not meet any of the criteria in this call and that do not use the formats provided will automatically be disqualified.
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is defined as "sexual abuse by an adult with remuneration in cash or in-kind to the child or a third person or persons". CSEC constitutes a form of violence against children and is a criminal practice that violates children's rights. Offenders will often use coercion, deception and violence to control and manipulate the child for exploitation. CSEC includes: The use of girls and boys in sexual activities remunerated in cash or in kind; Child Sex Tourism (CST); The production, promotion and distribution of pornography involving children; The use of children in sex shows (public or private).
Sexual abuse and exploitation of children results in physical injuries such as bruises, unwanted pregnancies and infections. It also subjects children to mental and psychological trauma as well as exposing them to social ostracism and a future of violence and poverty.The impact of this phenomenon has adverse effects on the general wellbeing and development of the children, and does pose economic dangers too.
Whilst the Kenyan government has taken some positive and laudable steps to tackle CSEC through the 2013 - 2017 National Plan of Action Against CSEC, a lot still remains to be done at different levels - family, community, national government and regional. The existence and continued growth of CSEC within Kenya has long been a cause for concern with the coastal region being identified as the region most affected especially by child sex tourism. A number of studies over the last decade focusing particularly on the coastal region have been undertaken (with the most recognised one being the 2006 UNICEF study, "The Extent and Effect of Sex Tourism and Sexual Exploitation of Children on the Kenyan Coast"). Yet despite these studies – some of which are now outdated - the magnitude of CSEC is not known due to the lack of accurate comprehensive national/regional statistics. The lack of information on the issue is further exacerbated by the hidden, illegal and often shifting nature of CSEC; this is evidenced, for example, in CST at the Kenyan coast, where it is apparent that patterns of CST are changing as alleged perpetrators increasingly move away from the big hotels to more secluded areas such as homes, villas and even boats at sea in order to escape detection (anecdotal information from the 2013 Terre des Hommes Netherlands Context analysis report).
Ending CSEC is a key priority area for Terre des Hommes Netherlands and therefore targeting Kwale County is a deliberate move. Terre des Hommes Netherlands has been implementing a project in Kwale County focusing on three sub-counties (Lunga Lunga, Msambweni and Matuga) over the last one year and would like to expand the programme to address CSEC in the same areas.
There are several factors that push or draw children into CSEC. For the Kenya programme, (appreciating that some positive steps have already been taken by the government and other stakeholders), focus will be on the following causes:
1) High poverty levels at household/family level: Poverty has been cited as the main contributing factor pushing children into CSEC. Interventions addressing household poverty can go a long way in both preventing at risk children as well as child victims of CSEC from relapsing back into CSEC after rescue and withdrawal.
2) Increased tolerance of negative cultural practices and negative community attitudes towards children (more so the girl child). The patriarchal nature of the African society places more value on boys and men therefore relegating girls and women making them more susceptible to abuse and exploitation. Although CSEC affects both boys and girls, there are more girls engaging in CSEC. Further, economic exclusion of girls and women weakens them leading to dependence (on their male relatives) and low self esteem, increasing the risk of CSEC.
3) Lack of effective implementation of legal and policy frameworks towards elimination of CSEC: Although policies and frameworks addressing CSEC have been developed, gaps remain in the implementation. In Kenya, the National Plan of Action (NPA) Against Sexual Exploitation of Children for the Period 2013 -2017 was launched. This is a step in the right direction by the government. There has not been any deliberate move either to review implementation of the NPA and take stock of what has been done and what still needs to be done to adequately address CSEC in the country. Further, since CSEC largely affects children in the coastal region, with the decentralisation and county system of government, there is an opportunity for the county governments in the coastal region to develop laws and policies specifically protecting children from CSEC, borrowing from Mombasa County government that has made strides in developing a law protecting children from CSEC. There is also a gap in the investigation and prosecution capacity of the law enforcement and judiciary, this gap is glaring and crucial if child victims of CSEC are to access justice and if prosecution is to achieve its purpose in also deterring potential perpetrators.
4) Limited budgetary allocation by governments in the region towards elimination of CSEC: There has been limited resource allocation by government to ensure full implementation of the NPA addressing CSEC, especially in relation to supporting recovery and reintegration of child victims of CSEC. This includes provision of social, medical and psychological counselling, rehabilitation, legal aid assistance and alternative means of livelihood for victims of CSEC.
5) The private sector engagement: especially transport, hotel and tourism sectors, though appreciative of the impact of travel and tourism on children in relation to CSEC, has not had deliberate, active and consistent engagement to address CSEC in the coastal region.
This Call for Proposals aims to protect children from commercial sexual exploitation in Kwale County, Kenya.
It specifically aims to address the following outcomes:
1. Children at risk of commercial sexual exploitation and children who are victims of commercial sexual exploitation claim their rights
2. Families and communities protect children from commercial sexual exploitation
3. Government protects children from commercial sexual exploitation by making and adequately implementing laws and policies
4. Law enforcement agencies convict perpetrators of commercial sexual exploitation of children
5. Civil society organisations protect the rights and best interest of children (specifically children vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation)
6. Private sector contributes to the wellbeing of children vulnerable to or victims of commercial sexual exploitation
Strategies to be considered by applicants should be in line with the 5 P's strategy of TdH-NL. A minimum of 2 of the 5 P's should be included in the proposed project.
Examples of activities (important note: this list is for guidance purposes only and is not exhaustive):
1. Children vulnerable to sexual exploitation participate in awareness raising sessions
2. Sexually exploited children are withdrawn, rehabilitated and reintegrated with their families and communities
3. Sexually exploited children receive education and training services and participate in income generating activities
4. Community-based child protection structures are supported and actively take part in protecting children from sexual exploitation
5. Members of judiciary and police staff are trained on child protection and child-friendly interview techniques
Applicants are invited to indicate innovative approaches that feed into the expected outcomes (i.e. beyond the examples listed above).
The following areas in Kenya are eligible for funding: Kwale County (including all 4 sub-counties, preferably Lunga Lunga, Msambweni, Matuga and Kinango - though indications are that this last sub-county is less affected).
The initial planned duration of a project should be 33 months, starting on 1 April 2016.
Contracts will be entered into on yearly basis; the first one to cover 9 months (1 April - 31 December 2016).
Depending on the project design, the budget ranges from EUR 300,000 to EUR 400,000 for the full duration of 33 months. The budget should be presented as per the required format (please refer to Annex 4 - TdH NL EA Project Budget Format), entailing the budget for the first 9 months as well as for the subsequent 2 years. The budget for the first 9 months should not exceed EUR 85,000 for 2016.
The proposed project budget should be at least 85% programme cost and not exceed 15% management cost (inclusive of a maximum of EUR 2,600 for ICT*).
*TdH-NL's reporting and accounting system is Internet based; with a view to this, all project partners are required to have or acquire sufficient equipment and Internet access.