Call for proposals: Fighting Trafficking and Unsafe Migration of Children in Ethiopia

Important note: the deadline for submission of proposals has passed. Proposals are no longer accepted.

1. Introduction

About Terre des Hommes Netherlands 

Terre des Hommes Netherlands (TdH-NL) is a development organisation dedicated to children; it is named after a book by the famous French writer and World War II pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – author of "The Little Prince". Even before this book was published, he wrote "Terre des Hommes" (Earth for Mankind) in which he called upon 'the people of the earth' to take their responsibilities seriously and to show solidarity. He said: "There is no third world. There is one world for which we are all responsible."

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is the cornerstone of all our programmes. This Convention represents the recognition by the international community that not only do children deserve to be protected, but that they have a right to be so. These rights have been enshrined in this almost universally accepted treaty and have subsequently been incorporated in national legislation in an overwhelming majority of the world's nations. 

The main theme of TdH-NL's work centers on the issue of child exploitation, the most serious violations of the rights of the child. TdH-NL's definition of child exploitation covers: (a) the Worst Forms of Child Labour; (b) Child Trafficking; (c) Sexual Exploitation of Children; (d) Child Abuse. Increasing numbers of children fall victim of human trafficking, sexual exploitation or hazardous forms of child labour as defined by the ILO's 1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (ILO Convention 182). TdH-NL strives to prevent child exploitation, remove children from exploitative situations and ensure that they can develop in a secure, healthy and supportive environment.

TdH-NL’s approach

TdH-NL's programmes are based on the Theory of Change (ToC), aiming to create a world free of child exploitation (please refer to Annex 1 - TdH NL Theory of Change). Because TdH-NL wants to stop child exploitation in a structural manner, the organisation does not only help victims but also tackles the problem at its roots. The main strategies in this ToC are the 5 P's: Prevention, Provision, Promotion, Prosecution and Partnership & Participation.


To prevent child exploitation, TdH-NL invests in education, but also in raising awareness among children and adults. And because poverty is the main reason for child exploitation, TdH-NL also offers parents the opportunity to increase their incomes via savings and credit groups.


Children who are victim of exploitation, need protection. TdH-NL provides shelter, health care, counselling and education and help them build a new future. The organisation also offers help to family members and involves the community in protecting children.


It is important that victims can stand up for themselves and perpetrators are not allowed to escape justice. TdH-NL thus helps children to report cases to the police. They can also count on legal assistance and help during the criminal prosecution. The organisation also trains local police and justice. 


TdH-NL stands up for children's rights. The organisation campaigns to raise awareness of children's rights and conducts research to identify and call attention to trends and developments in child exploitation. Furthermore, TdH-NL follows and influences decision-making of local and national governments, businesses and international organisations (like the UN) and advocates for the implementation of these decisions. To prevent children from being exploited and to ensure victims of exploitation receive adequate help.


TdH-NL strengthens civil society in the promotion of children's rights as a precondition to ensure children are protected. The organisation invests in the organisational and institutional development of southern civil society organisations.

TdH-NL always works through local project partners. These partners are familiar with the situation on the ground and know the best ways of reaching out and helping the children concerned.

Terre des Hommes Netherlands in Ethiopia

Terre des Hommes Netherlands supports Ethiopian NGOs and networks in the execution of projects in Amhara Region. This is underpinned by work at national level. The two programmatic areas identified as priorities include:

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): TdH-NL promotes national and local level strategies to promote actions against CSEC at the policy and community level. Particular focus is directed in CSEC interventions towards urban areas in Amhara Region where 

commercial exploitation of children happens extensively.

Child Trafficking: TdH-NL will work towards the elimination of trafficking and unsafe migration of children mainly along the Addis-Bahir Dar-Gondar route that leads to the border with Sudan.

2. Call for Proposals: Fighting Trafficking and Unsafe Migration of Children in Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Tackling trafficking and unsafe migration of children is an important theme in TdH-NL's current strategic plan (2011­-2015). As part of its new strategic plan (2016­-2020), TdH-NL plans to increase its support to comprehensive projects addressing trafficking and unsafe migration of children in Eastern Africa. Initial focus will be on three year projects (2016-2018).

Invitation for applications & eligibility criteria

TdH-NL is inviting non-governmental organisations (NGOs or CSOs) with the required framework to submit a full proposal. 

This call is open to organisations to apply independently as well as in a consortium / in partnership (i.e. more than one applicant). If an application is made as a consortium, the applicant should as the consortium lead clearly state how the project will be managed and should indicate a clear role for each partner. The appointment of a consortium coordinator position is recommended, to be included in the management costs.

Funding is only granted to national organisations (non INGOs) fully registered in the country of implementation. Any sub granting partners must also be fully registered.

Outline of the requirements applicants need to meet in order to be considered for TdH-NL’s funding:

  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to be fully registered in the country of implementation
  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to demonstrate a successful track record in addressing child trafficking and unsafe migration of children
  • The proposal needs to show a coherent programmatic approach
  • The proposed project needs to be based on the Theory of Change with related outcomes

Proposals that do not meet any of the criteria in this call and that do not use the formats provided will automatically be disqualified.


The International Office of Migration estimates that at least 1.2 million children are victims of trafficking in Ethiopia every year (UNICEF 2013: Child Protection Factsheet). Ethiopian girls are forced into domestic servitude and prostitution outside of Ethiopia, primarily in Djibouti and South Sudan, and Sudan while Ethiopian boys are subjected to forced labour in Djibouti as shop assistants, errand boys, domestic workers, thieves, and street beggars. Young people from Ethiopia s vast rural areas are aggressively recruited with promises of a better life and are likely targeted because of the demand for cheap labour in the Middle East. Officials reported up to 1,500 Ethiopians depart daily as part of the legal migration process. Children are trafficked within Ethiopia mostly from rural to urban areas for the purposes of domestic servitude, commercial sexual exploitation, begging, street vending and manual labour (mainly in the traditional weaving industry and agriculture, and to some degree in the construction, pottery and fishing sectors). An IOM assessment report identifies the rural areas of the Amhara Region as the main places of origin for most trafficked women and girl children. Although all parts of this Region are affected by trafficking, various sources have pointed out that Este and Farta woredas of Southern Gondar Zone are the most affected source areas.

Ethiopia prohibits sex and labour trafficking mainly through Criminal Code Articles 596 (Enslavement), 597 (Trafficking in Women and Children), 635 (Trafficking in Women and Minors), and 636 (Aggravation to the Crime). An anti-Trafficking legislation with stronger punitive measures on perpetrators has recently been endorsed by the Ethiopian Parliament. The government has not yet effectively addressed child prostitution and other forms of internal trafficking through law enforcement, protection, or prevention efforts. (TIP Report 2015)

Expected outcomes

This Call for Proposals aims to protect children from trafficking and unsafe migration in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. It specifically aims to address the following outcomes:

1. Children at risk of trafficking and unsafe migration and children who are victims of trafficking and unsafe migration claim their rights

2. Families and communities protect children from trafficking and unsafe migration

3. Government protects children from trafficking and unsafe migration by making and adequately implementing laws and policies 

4. Law enforcement agencies convict child traffickers

5. Civil society organisations protect the rights and best interest of children (specifically children vulnerable to trafficking and unsafe migration)

6. Private sector contributes to the wellbeing of children vulnerable to or victims of trafficking and unsafe migration

Intervention strategies - types of activities

Strategies to be considered by applicants should be in line with the 5 P's strategy of TdH-NL. A minimum of 2 of the 5 P's should be included in the proposed project.

Examples of activities (important note: this list is for guidance purposes only and is not exhaustive):

1. Children vulnerable to child trafficking and unsafe migration received and attended educational services within their villages

2. Trafficked children (boys and girls) are intercepted, safeguarded and reintegrated

3. Community members with children vulnerable to trafficking and unsafe migration participate in awareness raising activities

4. Families of trafficked children participate in income generating activities

5. Members of judiciary and police staff are trained on child protection and child-friendly interview techniques

Applicants are invited to indicate innovative approaches that feed into the expected outcomes (i.e. beyond the examples listed above).

Geographical focus

The following areas in Ethiopia are eligible for funding: Amhara Region - North Gondar, South Gondar, East Gojjam and West Gojjam Zones.

Duration and budget

The initial planned duration of a project should be 33 months, starting on 1 April 2016. 

Contracts will be entered into on yearly basis; the first one to cover 9 months (1 April - 31 December 2016). 

Depending on the project design, the budget ranges from EUR 250,000 to EUR 400,000 for the full duration of 33 months. The budget should be presented as per the required format (please refer to Annex 4 - TdH NL EA Project Budget Format), entailing the budget for the first 9 months as well as for the subsequent 2 years. The budget for the first 9 months should not exceed EUR 100,000 for 2016.

The proposed project budget should be at least 85% programme cost and not exceed 15% management cost (inclusive of a maximum of EUR 2,600 for ICT*).

* TdH-NL's reporting and accounting system is Internet based; with a view to this, all project partners are required to have or acquire sufficient equipment and Internet access.


  • Publication of the Call for Proposals: Wednesday 21 October 2015.
  • A Q & A session about this specific Call for Proposals will be organised by TdH-NL for which all interested parties are invited.
    The Q&A session will take place in Addis Ababa, in the meeting hall of ANPPCAN - Ethiopia's head office, Kazanchis, near former Enderassie Hotel on Tuesday 27th of October 2015 from 10.00 to 11.30 a.m.
    (note that prospective applicants should cover their own travel cost to this location)
  • Deadline of submission: Monday 16 November 2015 (12.00 EAT)
    Send your proposal to with subject heading: Fighting CT Project Proposal [+ name of (lead) applicant]. Include all required attachments / annexes.
  • Review and shortlisting will be done by TdH-NL on or before 15 December 2015. 
  • Shortlisted proposals will be subject to a more detailed review including clarifying questions, validation of information and capacity assessment of project applicants.
    Deadline for shortlisted applicants to answer questions raised: 15 January 2016.
  • Final selection will be done by TdH-NL on or before 7 February 2016, after which the selected projects will be submitted to TdH-NL's Head Office for final review and approval.

  • Partner contracts for the first 9 months of the project will be signed latest by 1 March 2016.

  • Projects will start on 1 April 2016. If so required, a mobilisation period of 2 months can be built into the project design, resulting in an effective project (activities) start date of 1 June 2016.

List of annexes


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