Call for proposals: Fighting Trafficking and Unsafe Migration of Children in Kenya

Important note: the deadline for submission of proposals has passed. Proposals are no longer accepted.

1. Introduction

About Terre des Hommes Netherlands

Terre des Hommes Netherlands (TdH-NL) is a development organisation dedicated to children; it is named after a book by the famous French writer and World War II pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – author of "The Little Prince". Even before this book was published, he wrote "Terre des Hommes" (Earth for Mankind) in which he called upon 'the people of the earth' to take their responsibilities seriously and to show solidarity. He said: "There is no third world. There is one world for which we are all responsible."

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is the cornerstone of all our programmes. This Convention represents the recognition by the international community that not only do children deserve to be protected, but that they have a right to be so. These rights have been enshrined in this almost universally accepted treaty and have subsequently been incorporated in national legislation in an overwhelming majority of the world's nations. 

The main theme of TdH-NL's work centers on the issue of child exploitation, the most serious violations of the rights of the child. TdH-NL's definition of child exploitation covers: (a) the Worst Forms of Child Labour; (b) Child Trafficking; (c) Sexual Exploitation of Children; (d) Child Abuse. Increasing numbers of children fall victim of human trafficking, sexual exploitation or hazardous forms of child labour as defined by the ILO's 1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (ILO Convention 182). TdH-NL strives to prevent child exploitation, remove children from exploitative situations and ensure that they can develop in a secure, healthy and supportive environment.

TdH-NL’s approach

TdH-NL's programmes are based on the Theory of Change (ToC), aiming to create a world free of child exploitation (please refer to Annex 1 - TdH NL Theory of Change). Because TdH-NL wants to stop child exploitation in a structural manner, the organisation does not only help victims but also tackles the problem at its roots. The main strategies in this ToC are the 5 P's: Prevention, Provision, Promotion, Prosecution and Partnership & Participation.

PREVENTION

To prevent child exploitation, TdH-NL invests in education, but also in raising awareness among children and adults. And because poverty is the main reason for child exploitation, TdH-NL also offers parents the opportunity to increase their incomes via savings and credit groups.

PROVISION

Children who are victim of exploitation, need protection. TdH-NL provides shelter, health care, counselling and education and help them build a new future. The organisation also offers help to family members and involves the community in protecting children.

PROSECUTION

It is important that victims can stand up for themselves and perpetrators are not allowed to escape justice. TdH-NL thus helps children to report cases to the police. They can also count on legal assistance and help during the criminal prosecution. The organisation also trains local police and justice. 

PROMOTION

TdH-NL stands up for children's rights. The organisation campaigns to raise awareness of children's rights and conducts research to identify and call attention to trends and developments in child exploitation. Furthermore, TdH-NL follows and influences decision-making of local and national governments, businesses and international organisations (like the UN) and advocates for the implementation of these decisions. To prevent children from being exploited and to ensure victims of exploitation receive adequate help.

PARTNERSHIP & PARTICIPATION

TdH-NL strengthens civil society in the promotion of children's rights as a precondition to ensure children are protected. The organisation invests in the organisational and institutional development of southern civil society organisations.

TdH-NL always works through local project partners. These partners are familiar with the situation on the ground and know the best ways of reaching out and helping the children concerned.

Terre des Hommes Netherlands in Kenya 

Terre des Hommes Netherlands supports Kenyan NGOs and networks in the execution of projects which aim to prevent child exploitation, provide assistance to exploited children and influence policy. Until the end of 2015, TdH-NL programming in Kenya will be implemented in i) the Urban Centres of Nairobi, Kisumu, Siaya and Machakos, ii) the Kenya Coastal Region and iii) Turkana. The 2016-2018 programme for which we are issuing the calls for proposals will be implemented in i) Kwale County ii) Turkana County and iii) Nationally for the child trafficking programme with special focus on some of the areas of origin that have been highlighted in this call for proposals (see section on geographical focus). 

Within the field of Child Protection, 2 Child Exploitation areas have been identified as programming priorities for our 2016-2018 programme:

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): TdH-NL believes that the commercial sexual exploitation of children is a horrific violation of the rights of children and an act that also implies a crime on the part of those who use girls and boys and adolescents in the sex trade. TdH-NL promotes national and local level strategies that create an enabling environment that fosters actions against CSEC at the community and local level. In conjunction with our work on trafficking, particular focus is directed towards interventions at cross-border, regional and international levels.

Child Trafficking: TdH-NL will work towards the elimination of child trafficking in and between our countries of operation. We aim to facilitate linkages at regional, national and County levels for institutions to ensure that regional and national anti-trafficking initiatives are effectively put into practice and that the various higher level initiatives are rooted in practical experience and action.

2. Call for Proposals: Fighting Trafficking and Unsafe Migration of Children in Kenya 

Tackling trafficking and unsafe migration of children is an important theme in TdH-NL's current strategic plan (2011­-2015). As part of its new strategic plan (2016­-2020), TdH-NL plans to increase its support to comprehensive projects addressing trafficking and unsafe migration of children in Eastern Africa. Initial focus will be on three year projects (2016-2018).

Invitation for applications & eligibility criteria

TdH-NL is inviting non-governmental organisations (NGOs or CSOs) with the required framework to submit a full proposal. 

This call is open to organisations to apply independently as well as in a consortium / in partnership (i.e. more than one applicant). If an application is made as a consortium, the applicant should as the consortium lead clearly state how the project will be managed and should indicate a clear role for each partner. The appointment of a consortium coordinator position is recommended, to be included in the management costs.

Funding is only granted to national organisations (non INGOs) fully registered in the country of implementation. Any sub granting partners must also be fully registered.

Outline of the requirements applicants need to meet in order to be considered for TdH-NL’s funding:

  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to be fully registered in the country of implementation
  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to demonstrate a successful track record in addressing child trafficking and unsafe migration of children
  • The proposal needs to show a coherent programmatic approach
  • The proposed project needs to be based on the Theory of Change with related outcomes

Proposals that do not meet any of the criteria in this call and that do not use the formats provided will automatically be disqualified.

Background

Child trafficking is a major concern in Kenya. Odhiambo et al. (2012:80) estimated that about 20,000 children are trafficked in Kenya annually. In the coastal region, child sex tourism is rife and in Nairobi, a majority of children are trafficked for domestic labour and sexual exploitation (Terre des Hommes Netherlands, 2014). These trafficked children originate from rural areas across Kenya, especially from the Northeastern, Eastern and Western regions. A study, conducted in 2007, by the End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking in Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT) network claimed that men travel to Kenya for the purpose of sex tourism because of the laxity of Kenyan laws. The Cradle (2009a:8) reported that some families send their children out to engage in child prostitution in order to put food on the table. Children are exposed to sexual exploitation as there are 250,000 children living on the streets, with 60,000 being in Nairobi alone. Some are children from destitute families living in informal settlements (The Cradle, 2009b:7). These aspects expose children and make them vulnerable to trafficking. Other vulnerable groups, such as children with disabilities, are vulnerable to trafficking due to their disability (Kigai, 2013). Although the number of children with disabilities (CWDs) trafficked is unknown, there are indications in the report that CWDs have been trafficked from the United Republic of Tanzania to Kenya and placed in empty homes where a handler takes them to the street to beg for money. The National Crime Research Centre (2015) indicated that child trafficking featured as the most prevalent form of trafficking at 39%, with trafficking for labour and for prostitution being at 31% and 25% respectively.

The gender dimension of trafficking; Girls are particularly vulnerable to trafficking for sex tourism. Reports reveal that young girls and women are trafficked into sex tourism in areas such as Mombasa, a coastal area that attracts tourists. Young boys are trafficked into sex tourism as well whereas others engage in sex tourism as a means of making a living. The price for trafficked girls aged 10 to 15 from Kenya is estimated at USD 600 (Havocscope, 2014) and hence serves as source of income for many mainly the traffickers. Human trafficking in Kenya is reportedly valued at USD 40 million on the black market (Havocscope, 2014). Womankind (an NGO operating in Garissa County) estimated that fifty female children are trafficked or smuggled to Nairobi from north-eastern Province and Somalia a week. Young girls and women are transported to Nairobi in vehicles after delivering miraa (khat) to Somalia and most end up in brothels in Nairobi while others are shipped to Mombasa and destinations outside of Kenya. (Gastrow, 2011:64). The girls that end up in Mombasa are taken to massage parlours and beauty shops or forced to engage in sex tourism.

To curb child trafficking, the Government of Kenya has taken steps to strengthen and limit adoption processes by foreigners by declaring, in November 2014, an indefinite moratorium on adoption of Kenyan children by foreigners. In 2014, the government identified 658 child trafficking victims in 18 of Kenya's 47 counties. In September 2014, the government passed the Victim Protection Act which improves support to trafficking victims, including the establishment of a fund. Government funding, however, remains inadequate in light of Kenya's significant trafficking problem. (TIP Report 2015). A Counter Trafficking in Persons Advisory Committee has been established and a national plan of action (2013-2017) developed and launched to address human trafficking in the country.

Expected outcomes

This Call for Proposals aims to protect children from trafficking and unsafe migration in Kenya (in-country from rural to urban). It specifically aims to address the following outcomes:

1. Children at risk of trafficking and unsafe migration and children who are victims of trafficking and unsafe migration claim their rights

2. Families and communities protect children from trafficking and unsafe migration

3. Government protects children from trafficking and unsafe migration by making and adequately implementing laws and policies 

4. Law enforcement agencies convict child traffickers

5. Civil society organisations protect the rights and best interest of children (specifically children vulnerable to trafficking and unsafe migration)

6. Private sector contributes to the wellbeing of children vulnerable to or victims of trafficking and unsafe migration

Intervention strategies - types of activities

Strategies to be considered by applicants should be in line with the 5 P's strategy of TdH-NL. A minimum of 2 of the 5 P's should be included in the proposed project.
Examples of activities (important note: this list is for guidance purposes only and is not exhaustive):

1. Children vulnerable to child trafficking and unsafe migration receive and attend educational services

2. Trafficked children (boys and girls) are intercepted, safeguarded and reintegrated

3. Community members with children vulnerable to trafficking and unsafe migration participate in awareness raising activities

4. Families of trafficked children participate in income generating activities

5. Members of judiciary and police staff are trained on child protection and child-friendly interview techniques

Applicants are invited to indicate innovative approaches that feed into the expected outcomes (i.e. beyond the examples listed above).

Geographical focus

The call seeks to respond to internal child trafficking (within the country from rural into urban areas). Although over the past one and a half years, the trafficking programme has been focusing on the urban informal settlements, indications are that trafficked children end up working in not only the informal settlements but also in lower and middle income areas in Nairobi. There is a research that has been commissioned which is envisioned to end by December 2015 and the outcomes of the research will also contribute to shaping and finalising the selected proposal. Some of the areas include Mandare, Malaba, Busia and Moyale which act as both cross border as well as source areas of child trafficking to Nairobi and Mombasa as destination and as transit routes to other areas out of the country.

Duration and budget

The initial planned duration of a project should be 33 months, starting on 1 April 2016. Contracts will be entered into on yearly basis; the first one to cover 9 months (1 April - 31 December 2016). 

Depending on the project design, the budget ranges from EUR 300,000 to EUR 600,000 for the full duration of 33 months. The budget should be presented as per the required format (please refer to Annex 4 - TdH NL EA Project Budget Format), entailing the budget for the first 9 months as well as for the subsequent 2 years. The budget for the first 9 months should not exceed EUR 169,000 for 2016. 

The proposed project budget should be at least 85% programme cost and not exceed 15% management cost (inclusive of a maximum of EUR 2,600 for ICT*).

* TdH-NL's reporting and accounting system is Internet based; with a view to this, all project partners are required to have or acquire sufficient equipment and Internet access.

Procedure

  • Publication of the Call for Proposals: Wednesday 21 October 2015.
  • A Q & A session about this specific Call for Proposals will be organised by TdH-NL for which all interested parties are invited.
    The Q&A session will be held on Wednesday 4th November 2015 at the Lenana Conference Centre (Jacaranda Avenue, Lavington, Nairobi). Send an email to kenya@tdh.nl to confirm attendance by Friday 30th October 2015. 
    (note that prospective applicants should cover their own travel and accommodation cost to attend the session). 
  • Deadline of submission: Monday 16 November 2015 (12.00 EAT)
    Send your proposal to kenya@tdh.nl with subject heading: Fighting CT Project Proposal [+ name of (lead) applicant]. Include all required attachments / annexes.
  • Review and shortlisting will be done by TdH-NL on or before 15 December 2015. 
  • Shortlisted proposals will be subject to a more detailed review including clarifying questions, validation of information and capacity assessment of project applicants.
    Deadline for shortlisted applicants to answer questions raised: 15 January 2016.
  • Final selection will be done by TdH-NL on or before 7 February 2016, after which the selected projects will be submitted to TdH-NL's Head Office for final review and approval.
  • Partner contracts for the first 9 months of the project will be signed latest by 1 March 2016.
  • Projects will start on 1 April 2016. If so required, a mobilisation period of 2 months can be built into the project design, resulting in an effective project (activities) start date of 1 June 2016.

List of annexes

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