Guidelines for Application
Deadline for submission of full application: 30 September 2015 (1700 ICT)
Terre des Hommes Netherlands is a development organisation dedicated to children; it is named after a book by the famous French writer and World War II pilot Antoine de Saint Exupèry author of “The Little Prince”. Even before this book was published, he wrote “Terre des Hommes” (Earth of Mankind) in which he called upon ‘the people of the earth’ to take their responsibilities seriously and to show solidarity. He said: “There is no third world. There is one world for which we’re all responsible.” The United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the cornerstone of all our programmes. This Convention represents the recognition by the international community that not only do children deserve to be protected, but that they have a right to be so. These rights have been enshrined in this almost universally accepted treaty and have subsequently been incorporated in national legislation in an overwhelming majority of the world’s nations. Terre des homes Netherlands (TdHNL) has prioritised Child Abuse/Child Sexual Health and Reproductive Rights (SRHR) as one of the thematic impact areas in all it’s operating countries till the year 2020. The abuse/SRHR theme focuses on victims and potential victims of (sexual) abuse including hazardous traditional practices. Targeting the vulnerable children who are marginalised socially, economically, physically or culturally; TdHNL will design and implement programmes guided by the principal for objectives, outcomes, themes and approaches as elaborated in the organisational Theory of Change. To advocate and promote the rights of children, Terre des Hommes Netherlands organises public and media campaigns to raise awareness, conducts research into the scale and nature of abuse and exploitation as well as lobbying for attention and change. The organisation follows and seeks to influence policy makers on local, national and international levels to adopt, ratify, maintain and enforce legislation to prevent child exploitation and to protect victims of such practices. Terre des Hommes Netherlands always works together with local project partners. These partners are familiar with the situation ‘on the ground’ and know the best ways of reaching out and helping the children concerned. Tackling the violation of Sexual Reproductive Health Rights/child sexual abuse is an important concentration area in Terre des Hommes Netherlands current strategic plan (20112015). As part of its new strategic plan (20162020) Terre des Hommes Netherlands plans to increase its support to comprehensive programmes addressing issues related to SRHR and child sexual abuse in Asia.
SRHR is about everyone having the right to a safe, enjoyable sex life, people deciding for themselves if and when they have children. SRHR are the rights for all people, to make choices regarding their own sexuality and reproduction, provided that they respect the rights of others. It includes the right to access to information and services, in order to support these choices and promote sexual and reproductive health. Across the Asia Pacific region, as in other parts of the world, patriarchal and fundamentalist religious views routinely limit women’s exercise of their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and often sanction violence against women. Asia has the world’s largest population, and the highest number of unsafe abortions about 9.2 million each year. Nearly half of the world’s unsafe abortions take place in Asia; almost onethird of abortions are carried out in South Asia alone. Taboos and lack of knowledge about abortion laws even among service providers continue to be an issue in Nepal, Pakistan, and India. Sexual and reproductive health indicators in the Asia region remain really low with high maternal mortality ratio at almost 220 deaths per 100,000 live births, high adolescents birth rates particularly in Asia with almost 62 births per 1000 girls aged 1519, high unmet need for contraception in South Asia at 16%, followed by Southeast Asia at 13%, and women representing almost 35% of people living with HIV in Asia over the past decade. The attainment of SRHR for all is further exacerbated by lack of basic rights, such as achieving food sovereignty, including food and nutrition security, with the AsiaPacific region hosting the world’s biggest share of the hungriest people at 563 million. SRHR is further affected by crossregion migration with 27.5 out of 214 million international migrants in Asia in 2010. Women constituting a large part of this population are affected with restrictions on mobility, screenings for pregnancies and STIs, including HIV, often without their knowledge or will. The Asia Pacific region also presents great diversity in topography which unfortunately makes the region vulnerable to climate change, thus aggravating the socioeconomic divide and leading to food insecurity and genderpower hierarchies and posing increased risk for early marriages, sexual harassment, trafficking, STIs including HIV and AIDS, and rise in genderbased violence. Growth in religious and political conservatism and fundamentalism across countries in the AsiaPacific region, leading to rolling back of significant policy successes in the SRHR agenda, have also affected women adversely through practices, such as early marriages, often leading to early, unwanted and frequent pregnancies, female genital cutting, and inadequate access to sexuality education and services, including access to contraception and abortion.
Considering factors that influencing violation of SRHR in Asia are Poverty, Sociocultural factors, Low Education, Political Factors, Climate Change & Natural Disasters and Disability: The issues of SRHR are correlated to other issues of child exploitation where the cycle of problems are related to one another such as child labour, trafficking, child commercial exploitation etc. Although, realisation of SRHR is fundamental both for boys and girls, however, violation and exploitation are predominantly visible on girl child, since the basic problems start with patriarchy, social taboo and gender inequalities in turn contributes to sexual exploitation and harassment, child marriage, adolescent pregnancy, mother and child health, infant mortality, death during pregnancy and delivery, antenatal and postnatal complications, malnutrition and low life expectancy. In India, Around 243 million adolescents stand at the crossroads between childhood and the adult. One third of India’s population is between the ages of 10 and 24. Gender inequality is one of the largest SRHR issues: women are regarded as inferior to men. Sexual abuse and rape are common in India, 50% of the children report to have been sexually abused, while the majority of cases are never reported. Safe abortion is legally available to girls and young women, but is often not accessed due to social stigma. Early marriage is extremely prevalent in India. Every year some four million teenage girls in India have babies. Violence against women is increasing in India. According to the National Crime Records Bureau, an average of 92 women are raped in India every day. The total number of reported rapes rose to 33,707 in 2013 from 24,923 in 2012. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is endemic. In an alarming trend, girl child numbers in India have shown a sharper decline than the male children in the decade beginning 2011, leading to a skewed child sex ratio. 40% of prostitutes are children, and there is a growing demand for young girls in the industry. 500,000 children are estimated to be forced into the sex trade every year. With a longer term programmatic objective, TdHNL will undertake abuse/SRHR thematic programmes in it’s operational countries in Asia, prioritizing the South Asian countries. The key issues taken into consideration under child sexual abuse/SRHR with reference to Indian context are i) early and forced marriage prevention and empowerment of early and forced married girls, ii) sexual abuse, exploitation and harassment, and iii) genderbased violence.
This Call for Proposals aims to protect children from violations of their Sexual Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and Child Sexual Abuse in India.
It specifically aims to address the following outcomes:
The proposed programme should be in line with the Theory of Changes and Outputs (Annex2) and the four strategies of Terre des Hommes (see section 3.3)
The following areas in India are eligible for funding:
Each programme proposal should consist of at least 3 local NGOs (organisations originated in the country of implementation), local networks or other local nontraditional development partners e.g. research institutes. Terre des Hommes Netherlands has a preference to fund local NGOs, however doesn’t exclude international organisations or stakeholders, but they cannot apply as the lead applicant. Coapplicant(s) participate in designing and implementing the programme.
While the proposed programme should focus on at least three of the four strategies (prevention, promotion, provision and prosecution), all proposed programme plans should include the cross cutting strategy: participation of children and child rights based approach (CRBP).
Types of activities:
1. Prevention: Strategies should target children vulnerable to violations of Sexual Reproductive Health Rights / Child Sexual Abuse by addressing the root causes such as poverty and lack of education. Activities can include :
2. Provision: Improve the quality and accessibility of SRHR services for young people so that they have the means to respond to the SRH needs. Immediate support services for violation of Sexual Reproductive Health Rights / Child Sexual Abuse could include medical and psychological care, shelter and legal assistance while longer term services could include a return to the family or community, reintegration into school or incomegenerating opportunities. Feasible economic opportunities for children victim of exploitation or support to their families through e.g. social enterprises, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) etc.
3. Promotion: Activities could include addressing the adoption/revision/implementation of National Plans and policies on Sexual Reproductive Health Rights / Child Sexual Abuse. This could include developing an advocacy strategy on Sexual Reproductive Health Rights / Child Sexual Abuse both for national government as well as regional bodies such as SAARC. Some of the specific Activities could include also.
4. Prosecution: Strengthening the judicial and prosecution system through raising awareness, capacity building and extended support (supplementing/complementing services) to the law enforcement /judicial authorities. Facilitating enabling environment for children to seek legal aid and also provide legal support to the victims of violation of Sexual Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and Child Sexual Abuse. Building an enabling environment is critical in order to develop and implement legislation and policies to prevent child marriage and ensure SRHR. advocacy is used as a tool to ensure child marriage is legally prohibited and that laws are implemented accordingly. Terre des Hommes Netherlands believes that cultural practices and traditions should not be a reason to violate child rights and condone abuse and exploitation.
Proposed programme on Sexual Reproductive Health Rights / Child Sexual Abuse should also seek to address cultural practices and traditions, particularly in relation to gender. Programme design and planned activities should
Procedures for awarding of grants
List of annexes
Call for Proposals SRHR/Child Abuse India: https://goo.gl/2LLgFn
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