In East Africa, 15 million children go to work instead of school - one in every four children. About 5 percent of these children are working in the worst forms of child labour. For example, they are exploited in gold mines or as domestic workers in families. In many cases, children are forced to do so. They perform exhausting work for many hours in a row, in unhealthy and hazardous conditions. Even though legal frameworks outlawing child labour do exist in all East African countries, enactment and enforcement remains inadequate due to insufficient budgets, limited technical capacity and low awareness.