Terre des Hommes Netherlands has been focusing its programme in Tanzania on the regions where specific forms of child exploitation are most prevalent.
Child abuse based on traditional cultural grounds, such as child marriage and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), is still widespread in Tanzania. Shinyanga Region has the highest percentage of child marriages in the country (59%). In two districts in Mara Region, 95% of all women has undergone FGM.
Tanzania is Africa’s fourth-largest gold producer. Thousands of children work in licensed and unlicensed small-scale gold mines. Kahama district in Shinyanga Region has a high number of gold mines where children work under very dangerous circumstances.
Tanzania is a source, transit, and destination country for child trafficking for the purpose of forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation. Trafficking often involves family members, friends, or brokers, who promise rural families jobs or assistance with education for their children in the urban areas such as Mwanza. Children are trafficked for domestic service, and girls are trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation.
To rescue victims and prevent further child exploitation, Terre des Hommes Netherlands invests in education and assist with livelihood improvement for the families of these children. In addition, we have been supporting the fight against the traditional subordinate position of girls by advocating for girls' rights, like the right to have a proper education.
Thousands of children are working in the artisanal gold mines of Tanzania. These child labourers are exposed to great dangers, ranging from collapsing mine shafts and toxic gases to injuries caused by tools. Musa Simoni, a 15-year-old boy, is one of these children. Read his story.