Call for Proposals: Protecting Children from Abuse and Violations of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR), including CSEC in Tanzania

Important note: the deadline for submission of proposals has passed. Proposals are no longer accepted.

1. Introduction

About Terre des Hommes Netherlands

Terre des Hommes Netherlands (TdH-NL) is a development organisation dedicated to children; it is named after a book by the famous French writer and World War II pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – author of "The Little Prince". Even before this book was published, he wrote "Terre des Hommes" (Earth for Mankind) in which he called upon 'the people of the earth' to take their responsibilities seriously and to show solidarity. He said: "There is no third world. There is one world for which we are all responsible."

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is the cornerstone of all our programmes. This Convention represents the recognition by the international community that not only do children deserve to be protected, but that they have a right to be so. These rights have been enshrined in this almost universally accepted treaty and have subsequently been incorporated in national legislation in an overwhelming majority of the world's nations. 

The main theme of TdH-NL's work centers on the issue of child exploitation, the most serious violations of the rights of the child. TdH-NL's definition of child exploitation covers: (a) the Worst Forms of Child Labour; (b) Child Trafficking; (c) Sexual Exploitation of Children; (d) Child Abuse. Increasing numbers of children fall victim of human trafficking, sexual exploitation or hazardous forms of child labour as defined by the ILO's 1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (ILO Convention 182). TdH-NL strives to prevent child exploitation, remove children from exploitative situations and ensure that they can develop in a secure, healthy and supportive environment.

TdH-NL’s approach

TdH-NL's programmes are based on the Theory of Change (ToC), aiming to create a world free of child exploitation (please refer to Annex 1 - TdH NL Theory of Change). Because TdH-NL wants to stop child exploitation in a structural manner, the organisation does not only help victims but also tackles the problem at its roots. The main strategies in this ToC are the 5 P's: Prevention, Provision, Promotion, Prosecution and Partnership & Participation. 

PREVENTION

To prevent child exploitation, TdH-NL invests in education, but also in raising awareness among children and adults. And because poverty is the main reason for child exploitation, TdH-NL also offers parents the opportunity to increase their incomes via savings and credit groups.

PROVISION

Children who are victim of exploitation, need protection. TdH-NL provides shelter, health care, counselling and education and help them build a new future. The organisation also offers help to family members and involves the community in protecting children.

PROSECUTION

It is important that victims can stand up for themselves and perpetrators are not allowed to escape justice. TdH-NL thus helps children to report cases to the police. They can also count on legal assistance and help during the criminal prosecution. The organisation also trains local police and justice. 

PROMOTION

TdH-NL stands up for children's rights. The organisation campaigns to raise awareness of children's rights and conducts research to identify and call attention to trends and developments in child exploitation. Furthermore, TdH-NL follows and influences decision-making of local and national governments, businesses and international organisations (like the UN) and advocates for the implementation of these decisions. To prevent children from being exploited and to ensure victims of exploitation receive adequate help.

PARTNERSHIP & PARTICIPATION

TdH-NL strengthens civil society in the promotion of children's rights as a precondition to ensure children are protected. The organisation invests in the organisational and institutional development of southern civil society organisations. 

TdH-NL always works through local project partners. These partners are familiar with the situation on the ground and know the best ways of reaching out and helping the children concerned.

Terre des Hommes Netherlands in Tanzania

Terre des Hommes Netherlands supports Tanzanian NGOs and networks in the execution of projects in i) the Mwanza Region, ii) Mara Region, iii) Mtwara and iv) Shinyanga regions. This is underpinned by work at national level. Within the field of Child Protection, 4 Child Exploitation areas have been identified as programming priorities:

Children in Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) with a particular emphasis on child domestic workers and those children working in or around areas of mineral or oil extraction.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): TdH-NL promotes national and local level strategies to promote actions against CSEC at the policy and community level. 

Child Marriage/SRHR: TdH-NL detects, prevents and responds to child marriage and provides support to victims of child marriage, teenage pregnancy and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).

Child Trafficking: TdH-NL will work towards the elimination of child trafficking linked to recruitment and employment areas for child domestic workers.

2. Call for Proposals: Protecting Children from Abuse and Violations of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) in Mtwara Region, Tanzania

Tackling child abuse and violations of SRHR is an important theme in TdH-NL's current strategic plan (2011­-2015). As part of its new strategic plan (2016­-2020), TdH-NL plans to increase its support to comprehensive projects addressing child abuse, CSEC and / or violations of SRHR in Eastern Africa. Initial focus will be on three year projects (2016-2018).

Invitation for applications & eligibility criteria

TdH-NL is inviting non-governmental organisations (NGOs or CSOs) with the required framework to submit a full proposal. 

This call is open to organisations to apply independently as well as in a consortium / in partnership (i.e. more than one applicant). If an application is made as a consortium, the applicant should as the consortium lead clearly state how the project will be managed and should indicate a clear role for each partner. The appointment of a consortium coordinator position is recommended, to be included in the management costs.

Funding is only granted to national organisations (non INGOs) fully registered in the country of implementation. Any sub granting partners must also be fully registered. 

Outline of the requirements applicants need to meet in order to be considered for TdH-NL’s funding:

  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to be fully registered in the country of implementation
  • Applicant as well as (if applicable) co-applicants need to demonstrate a successful track record in addressing child abuse and / or violations of SRHR, including CSEC
  • The proposal needs to show a coherent programmatic approach 
  • The proposed project needs to be based on the Theory of Change with related outcomes

Proposals that do not meet any of the criteria in this call and that do not use the formats provided will automatically be disqualified.

Background

Tanzania's national figures suggest that more than 70% of children experience one or more forms of physical, sexual or emotional abuse in Tanzania (UNICEF 2009). Nearly 3 out of every 10 females and 1 out of every 7 males reported at least one experience of sexual violence prior to the age of 182 percent of girls between the ages of 13 to 17 reported receiving money or goods in exchange for sex at least once in their lifetime (UNICEF 2011). Child marriage is highly prevalent in Tanzania and still legally accepted for children aged 15 years or older through the Marriage Act 1971, although contradicted by the Education Act 2004 and Sexual Offences Special Provisions Act 2008 (UNICEF 2011).

Mtwara is a coastal region bordering Mozambique and has 1,270,854 inhabitants. Sexual reproductive health rights in Mtwara are increasingly violated. There is a high number of vulnerable children in Mtwara Region (21,000 with especially high numbers in the districts of Newala 8,200 and Tandahimba 5,400) (Regional Social Welfare Officer). Mtwara has high levels of poverty (35.5% in the lowest quintile), illiteracy and 22.6% of children are not living with their parents. Traditional initiation of girls (Unyago) during puberty includes withdrawal from school for six months. 59% of girls attend Unyago camps and 46% drop out of school due to pregnancy and early marriage. Mtwara has one of the highest levels of teenage pregnancy (25.5%), a child marriage prevalence of 35% and growing levels of sexual abuse and CSEC related to the growing oil and gas companies. Boys and girls below 18 years of age are used in sexual activities in brothels, bars, hotels, restaurants, houses and on the platforms and are remunerated in cash or in kind.

Gas was first discovered in the Mtwara region in 1982, exploration policies were developed and the process of extraction was commenced in 2006. Recently the pipeline from Mtwara to Dar was opened. The arrival of the oil and gas companies (17 companies are active in the gas exploration area) holds a promise of new opportunities and local economic development and attracts migration to the coastal districts of Mtwara. Migrated children are more vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. A small baseline survey was done by TdH-NL in 2013 among 62 exploited children (83.6% boys and 16.4% girls) in Mtwara, of which 68% were aged 14 to 17 years and 32% of respondents were aged 10 to 13 years. More than half of the children were migrants who came from other districts within Mtwara Region (37.6% of migrants) or from neighbouring regions (30.5%). About 36% of the migrant children came with their parents, while about 23% came to stay with their relatives; others came independently to obtain skills (17%) or employment (16%). 

In 2014 Kiwohede did a survey among 105 children involved in CSEC (89% girls, 11% were boys) in Mtwara Mikindani which indicated that 30% are child mothers and the average age of the children involved in CSEC was 15 (youngest 9, mostly 15- 17). Girls (59% of them) reported severe incidences of violent sexual behaviour or rape, with some boys and girls forcedly sodomised and others forced to participate in gang sex. School dropout rates among girls involved in CSEC are high (65%). About 32% of the girls are from outside of Mtwara Region, including 23 girls from Mozambique. Girls are often paid for sex with money, chips and drinks. 

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare developed a National Costed plan of Action for MVC II (NCPA II) and is currently rolling out a new Child Protection System. However the government has not yet allocated sufficient budgets for the functioning of the child protection system.

There are some major steps taken in line with the NCPA II, like the training of 7 District Child Protection Teams in Child Protection, Psychosocial Services, Child Protection Monitoring Information Systems and budgeting for Child Protection, training of Social Welfare Officers and Police Gender and Children Desks and training of the regional security committee on their role in child protection, resulting in hundreds of reports on child protection and active involvement in child rights awareness. Through efforts of PACT, Most Vulnerable Children Committees (MVCC) were trained in 2012. There is hardly any regional data available on child vulnerability. Hence in 2015 a child vulnerability research is conducted (MICS) and the report is expected in December 2015. The results of this research report will possibly still influence the final approved proposal in response to this call.

Expected outcomes

This Call for Proposals aims to protect children from child abuse and violations of SRHR including CSEC in Mtwara Tanzania. 

It specifically aims to address the following outcomes:

1. Children at risk of child abuse / violations of SRHR and children who are victims of child abuse / violations of SRHR claim their rights

2. Families and communities protect children from child abuse and violations of SRHR

3. Government protects children from child abuse and violations of SRHR by making and adequately implementing laws and policies 

4. Law enforcement agencies convict abusers of children

5. Civil society organisations protect the rights and best interest of children (specifically children vulnerable to child abuse / violations of SRHR)

6. Private sector (oil and gas companies) contributes to the wellbeing of children vulnerable to sexual exploitation.

Intervention strategies - types of activities

Strategies to be considered by applicants should be in line with the 5 P's strategy of TdH-NL. A minimum of 2 of the 5 P's should be included in the proposed project. Examples of activities (important note: this list is for guidance purposes only and is not exhaustive):

1. Children are directly safeguarded/protected from abuse and exploitation and have access to legal aid and youth friendly SRHR services

2. Safe child reintegration of victims of abuse and exploitation into the community, e.g. enrolled in education or have income generating activities

3. Child protection actors are trained to protect children, coordinate with other government departments, CSOs and the private sector to strengthen child protection referral systems

4. Technical input provided in training manuals and child protection regulations for private sector companies in Mtwara under leadership of the Ministry of Social Welfare

5. Awareness creation and dialogue with families and community to participate in child protection and provision of SRHR services

Applicants are invited to indicate innovative approaches that feed into the expected outcomes (i.e. beyond the examples listed above).

Geographical focus

The following areas in Tanzania are eligible for funding: Mtwara Region, including 7 districts.

Duration and budget

The initial planned duration of a project should be 33 months, starting on 1 April 2016. 

Contracts will be entered into on yearly basis; the first one to cover 9 months (1 April - 31 December 2016). 

Depending on the project design, the budget ranges from EUR 350,000 to EUR 500,000 for the full duration of 33 months. The budget should be presented as per the required format (please refer to Annex 4 - TdH NL EA Project Budget Format), entailing the budget for the first 9 months as well as for the subsequent 2 years. The budget for the first 9 months should not exceed EUR 120,000 for 2016. 

The proposed project budget should be at least 85% programme cost and not exceed 15% management cost (inclusive of a maximum of EUR 2,600 for ICT*).

* TdH-NL's reporting and accounting system is Internet based; with a view to this, all project partners are required to have or acquire sufficient equipment and Internet access.

Procedure

  • Publication of the Call for Proposals: Wednesday 21 October 2015.
  • A Q & A session about this specific Call for Proposals will be organised by TdH-NL for which all interested parties are invited.
    The Q&A session will take place in TdH-NL's office in Ndovu Road, Mikocheni, Dar es Salaam on Monday 2nd of November 2015 from 14.00 to 15.30 hrs.
    (prospective applicants should cover their own travel cost to this location)
  • Deadline of submission: Monday 16 November 2015 (12.00 EAT)
    Send your proposal to tanzania@tdh.nl with subject heading: CA / SRHR / CSEC Project Proposal [+ name of (lead) applicant]. Include all required attachments / annexes.
  • Review and shortlisting will be done by TdH-NL on or before 15 December 2015. 

  • Shortlisted proposals will be subject to a more detailed review including clarifying questions, validation of information and capacity assessment of project applicants.
    Deadline for shortlisted applicants to answer questions raised: 15 January 2016.

  • Final selection will be done by TdH-NL on or before 7 February 2016, after which the selected projects will be submitted to TdH-NL's Head Office for final review and approval.

  • Partner contracts for the first 9 months of the project will be signed latest by 1 March 2016.

  • Projects will start on 1 April 2016. If so required, a mobilisation period of 2 months can be built into the project design, resulting in an effective project (activities) start date of 1 June 2016.

List of annexes

 

 

 

 

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