In June 2022, we conducted an assessment on the impact of drought on children to determine the extent to which drought has affected children, establish the coping mechanisms, identify gaps in response, possible hidden child exploitation, and recommendations.
Terre des Hommes Netherlands in partnership with Strategies for Northern Development (SND) with financial support from Terre des Hommes Germany, is implementing an emergency intervention to prevent and respond to child exploitation during the ongoing drought emergency in Moyale Sub County. To inform targeted delivery, the project sought to conduct a situation analysis of children in drought-affected areas of Moyale Sub County, with a focus on child exploitation. The assessment of the impact of drought on children was conducted in a participatory manner using both quantitative and qualitative techniques.
The assessment revealed that drought is a reality in Moyale Sub County, children, and women were found to be the most vulnerable and therefore are more prone to being exposed to abuse. Drought in this sub-county has led to a decrease in people’s access to improved water sources, which has led to an increased risk of diseases, which has an effect on their health and hygiene practices.
Drought has long-term effects on children since it deprives them of the realisation of their rights and future development. The assessment notes that parents engage in more activities away from home, like far-off grazing fields, and long distances searching for water and food; children suffer the consequences as they are left to care for themselves and the household duties.The loss of livelihoods and incomes pushed children out of school and led to school dropouts, child marriages, child labor, and forced marriages.
From the assessment, the communities practise negative coping mechanisms during drought sessions and this affects their general livelihoods. For example, children who are put to work to supplement family income are exposed to child labour; the marriage of the children in exchange of materials for family use; this draws the children from school, exposing them to exploitation and related health complications.
Some of the conclusions and recommendations derived from the assessment include;
Download the assessment report to learn more about the key findings and recommendations.